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"Knowledge will forever govern ignorance: And a people who mean to be their own Governors, must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives." James Madison, "Father of the Constitution;" President of the United States, 1809-1817

 

Scales of Justice
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August 2005

QUESTIONNAIRE FOR JUDGES

From: Virginia C. Armstrong, Ph.D., National Chairman, Eagle Forum’s Court
Watch; President, The Blackstone Institute


INSTRUCTIONS: Each of the items below is a direct quote from an American court opinion, legislative measure, or credentialed legal scholar. Respond to each item in the following manner:

     1 =Agree; 0 = No Comment; 2 = Disagree


"Philosophical Questions"

1. ______“. . . the word ‘person,’ as used in the Fourteenth Amendment, does not include the unborn.”

2. ______“. . . the government creates civil marriage . . . .  . . . civil marriage is, and since pre-colonial days has been,
. . . a wholly secular institution.”  

3. ______“Without religion there can be no morality, and without morality there can be no law.”

4. ______“Although creation science is educationally valuable and strictly scientific, it is now being censored from or misrepresented in the public schools.”

5. ______“If lawyers hold to their precedents too closely, forgetful of the
fundamental principles of truth and justice which they should serve, they may find the whole edifice comes tumbling around them.”

6. ______“. . .this country’s founding documents support the idea that it is from the people, and not God, that the state draws its powers.”

7. ______“. . . this Court is [not] vested with power to invalidate all state laws that it considers to be arbitrary, capricious, unreasonable, or oppressive . . . [or] unwise or unnecessary.”

8. ______“No government has the authority to legalize any type of union
e.g., ‘civil unions’ or ‘domestic partnerships’) other than traditional marriage.”

9. ______“[Government regulation of homosexual conduct] seems inexplicable by anything but animus toward the class [homosexuals and lesbians] that it
affects. . . .” “[Such regulation] is rooted in persistent prejudices against persons who are . . . homosexual.”

10. ______“[The Constitution] is made for people of fundamentally differing views . . . .”

11. ______“It is  . . . clear that requiring schools to teach creation science with evolution does not advance academic freedom.”

12. ______ “The extent to which a government can be neutral and equally tolerant of all deeply held values, including religious beliefs, has very definite limits. . . . . Increasingly, government will be compelled to make choices between conflicting values, including religious values.”

13. ______“At the heart of liberty is the right to define one’s own concept of existence, of meaning, of the universe, and of the mystery of human life.”

14. ______”. . . [Even] legislation that is largely symbolic and infrequently enforced . . . has significant pedagogical value. Laws teach people what they should and should not do . . . .”

15. ______“[Basing our law] on the history of Western civilization and . . .
Judeo-Christian moral and ethical standards does not [but should] take account of other authorities pointing in an opposite direction” [e.g., Irish and Canadian law and the European Court of Human Rights].

16. ______“The institution of rights against the Government is not a gift of God,  . . [but] a complex and troublesome practice that makes the Government’s job . . . more difficult and more expensive. .”

17. ______“Marriage is a union of one man and one woman. No government has the authority to alter this definition.”

18. ______“The absolute prohibition on any mention of God in our schools creates a bias against religion.”

19. ______“. . .the term ‘child who is in utero’ means a member of the species homo sapiens, at any state of development, who is carried in the womb.”

20. ______“[The U. S. Supreme Court] owe[s] Congress’ findings [upon ‘legislative’ questions] an additional measure of deference out of respect for its authority to exercise the legislative power.”


"Constitutional Questions"

1. ____What is/are the ultimate purpose(s) of the Constitution?

2. ____What is the relationship of the Constitution to U. S. Supreme Court decisions?

3. ____To what sources do you refer in interpreting a Constitutional provision?

4. ____Please define “judicial restraint” and “judicial activism.”  How do these terms relate to the Constitution?

5. ____Do the constitution’s words have a fixed meaning?  Please explain your answer.

6. ____What role do the other branches of the national government have in interpreting the Constitution?

7. ____Do you believe that the Supreme Court has ever exceeded its constitutional authority?  Please explain your answer.

8. ____How much power, if any, does the Congress have to govern the courts?

9. ____Are the courts limited by the Constitution to the same degree and/or in the same way as the other two branches of the national government?

10. ____What do you consider to be three legitimate reasons for impeaching, convicting, and removing a federal judge from the bench?

11. ____Please define in detail the concept of “justice” as used in the Constitution.  From what source(s) do you derive your answer?

12. ____Please define in detail the concept of “liberty” as used in the Constitution.  From what source(s) do you derive your answer?

13. ____Please define in detail the concept of “equal protection of the laws” as used in the Constitution.  From what source(s) do you derive your answer?